Resources - Glossary 'S'


Samay is a term used to loosely categorize ragas into times of days.


Sangeet is first mentioned and it's origin/usage described in the monumental arts treatise written in the late Vedic Era (over 2,000 years ago) called Natya Shastra.


Santoor is a hammered dulcimer from the mountains of Kashmir in Northern India and Pakistan.


The Sarangi is probably Hindustani classical music’s most beloved ancient instrument, known for its soulful sound that transports the listener to a peaceful state-of-mind.

Saraswati Veena

The Saraswati veena is an Indian plucked string instrument. It is named after the Hindu goddess Saraswati, who is usually depicted holding or playing the instrument.


A sari is a strip of unstitched cloth, worn by females, ranging from four to nine yards in length that is draped over the body in various styles.


Next to the sitar, the sarod is the most well-known stringed instrument in Hindustani  classical music.


In Sikhism, a shabad is a sacred song selected from Sikhism's scripture Guru Granth Sahib, everlasting Guru of the Sikhs.


The shehnai, is wind instrument, a double reed conical oboe, common in North India, West India and Pakistan, made out of wood, with a metal flare bell at the end.


The Sitar is the most popular melody instrument in Hindustani (North India and neighbouring countries) classical music with a long neck.

Sufi Music

Sufi music is the devotional music of the Sufis, inspired by the works of Sufi poets, like Rumi, Hafiz, Bulleh Shah and Khwaja Ghulam Farid.


The seven notes of the scale (swaras), in Indian music are named shadja, rishabh, gandhar, madhyam, pancham, dhaivat and nishad.