The fabled Bansuri, or bamboo flute of Northern India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal is often associated with Krishna in Hinduism. He is often depicted playing the instrument and hence, the flute is synonymous with Hindu devotional music.

The Bansuri has often been used for accompaniment in this form of music and lighter compositions including Bollywood film music.

Pandit Pannalal Ghosh elevated the instrument to the classical platform in themed 20th century and today, one of the foremost exponents of the Bansuri is Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia.

The instrument is made from a length of bamboo with holes burned in at calculated positions. The notes are produced by blowing across the mouth-hole while covering the finger holes in various combinations.