In Hindustani music, a gharana is a system of social organization linking musicians or dancers by lineage or apprenticeship, and by adherence to a particular musical style. A gharana also indicates a comprehensive musicological ideology.
This ideology sometimes changes substantially from one gharana to another. It directly affects the thinking, teaching, performance and appreciation of music.
The main area of difference between Gharanas is the manner in which the notes are sung. The concept of a Guru- Shishya leads to the development of Gharanas. The Gharanas emerge from the creative style of a genius, who gives existing structures a totally new approach, form and interpretation. The new approach, form and interpretation apply to include the tone of the voice, the pitch, the inflexions and the intonations, and the specific application of the various nuances.
Well known Gharanas include the likes of the Gwalior Gharana, Agra Gharana, Kirana Gharana, Jaipur Gharana, Rampur Sahaswan Gharana, Patiala Gharana, Delhi Gharana, Bhendi Bazaar Gharana, Benaras Gharana, Mewati Gharana